Crooked teeth can be corrected through the use of braces (orthodontics) or porcelain veneers and crowns (prosthodontics). Generally, braces are the norm for younger patients, and take 2 years to complete. The trend is to use less visible braces such as those made of ceramics or a removable mouth aligner, “Invisalign”. However braces cannot correct tooth shape, size, colour or proportion.
Veneers and crowns are especially suitable in older patients and if teeth are chipped or discoloured. With veneers and crowns, gaps and spaces can also be closed and a near perfect makeover achieved within 3 days. However, it does involve trimming teeth which can lead to post-treatment sensitivity. This usually goes away in days but in 6-9% of crowns, the sensitivity remain and may require further treatment.
Crowns can also be used to change the facial profile and proportion as the thickness and position of teeth affect lip posture and facial height. Braces, veneers and crowns can thus be used separately or in combination to achieve the desired final cosmetic result.
Tooth-coloured fillings have replaced silver and other metals as the material of choice. When the cavity is small, composite or plastic resins are adequate but when large sections of teeth need to be replaced, porcelain or zirconia are used as they are stronger and provide a better aesthetic result. 3D scanning and computer technology allow porcelain fillings to be made within hours and extra strong zirconia fillings overnight with precision at our in-house laboratory.
Dental veneers are thin, custom-made shells that are designed and made to fit over the front surface of teeth to improve their appearance or alignment. The teeth are first reshaped lightly before either making a mould or taking a digital scan of the tooth surface. Our in-house laboratory then uses computer technology to make a veneer with the desired shape, proportion and colour from either porcelain or zirconia, both of which are strong and natural looking.
Dental crowns are shields that fit over cracked or broken teeth to rebuild them to its original form. In the past, metal or gold was used but porcelain or zirconia is today’s choice as they look more natural. Decayed or weakened parts of the remaining tooth is removed and a mould or scan made. Using computer technology, a porcelain “crown” or “cap” can be made within hours and a zirconia crown overnight. Recent advances have made both materials comparable in terms of strength and cosmetics. These new shields are then glued or bonded to the teeth.
Invisalign® is a method of straightening crooked teeth without using traditional braces and does not involve metal brackets and wires. Instead, it uses 3D computer imaging technology to make a series of clear and almost invisible retainers which can be removed when you have dinner or special occasions.
Bridges - re-write
A dental bridge is used as a long-term replacement for missing teeth permanently. It is made up of 2 or more dental crowns on teeth adjacent to the gap (known as abutments). The part that replaces a missing tooth is known as a “pontic”, and sits on the gum, held between the crowns. Bridges help to maintain face shape, prevent teeth from drifting, restore chewing and speaking ability, and your smile.
Laser Teeth Whitening
Our teeth get discoloured over time as we grow older especially if we love to drink coffee, tea and red wine. We can however reverse this by applying a special gel to our teeth and leaving it to bleach or whiten over time. This can be done at home by placing the gel in a custom-made mouthguard and leaving it to whiten after a few days. Alternatively, it can be done in the clinic.
Braces - other source
Dental braces are wire-based appliances that orthodontists use to correct crowded and misaligned teeth or jaws. Many people who need dental braces get them during their early teenage years, but adults also can benefit from wearing braces. The goal of dental braces is to properly align your teeth and jaws to produce an even bite and pleasing smile.
Reshaping & Resizing Teeth - other
Tooth reshaping, also called dental contouring, is a cosmetic dentistry technique that removes small amounts of tooth enamel (the outer covering of the tooth) in order to change the shape, length, or surface of one or more teeth. The process is often combined with bonding, a cosmetic dentistry treatment that uses tooth-colored composite material to sculpt and shape the teeth.
Gum Sculpting & Recontouring - other source
Periodontal plastic procedures (aesthetic gum surgery) can be performed to enhance your smile. Also, known as gum reshaping, gum contouring is a procedure that removes excess gum tissues to expose more of the crown of a tooth to create a proportionate look between the gum tissue and tooth surface.